Research & Surveillance
The fifth section of The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding focuses on Research and Surveillance, calling for three specific actions:
- Action 17. Increase funding of high-quality research on breastfeeding.
- Action 18. Strengthen existing capacity and develop future capacity for conducting research on breastfeeding.
- Action 19. Develop a national monitoring system to improve the tracking of breastfeeding rates as well as the policies and environmental factors that affect breastfeeding.
"Research and Surveillance" excerpt from Executive Summary: The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding:
Although there is a body of research on breastfeeding, significant knowledge gaps are evident. These gaps must be filled to ensure that accurate, evidence-based information is available to parents, clinicians, public health programs, and policymakers. For example, more research is needed on the barriers to breastfeeding among populations with low rates of breastfeeding. Economic research is also needed on how breastfeeding affects mothers and employers, as is research on best practices for management and support of lactation and breastfeeding. Building capacity for research on breastfeeding should be a priority by strengthening surveillance at state and local levels.